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National Open University Exam Past Question – ANP 302 JUNE/JULY EXAMINATION

NATIONAL OPEN UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA ANP 302 RUMINANT ANIMAL PRODUCTION

14/16 AHMADU BELLO WAY, VICTORIA ISLAND, LAGOS

SCHOOL OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY JUNE/JULY EXAMINATION

 

COURSE CODE ANP 302:

COURSE TITLE: RUMINANT ANIMAL PRODUCTION TIME ALLOWED: 2Hours 30mins

INSTRUCTION: Answer 4 questions only. All questions carry equal marks

 

 

 

1a. With examples differentiate between large and small ruminants.                                    (5Marks)

 

1b. Highlight the significance of ruminants in the Nigerian economy.                                  (15Maarks)

 

1c. State the basic anatomical features that differentiate a ruminant from a non-ruminant.   (5marks)

 

2a. Differentiate between digestion in the omasum and the abomasums.                               (10Mars)

 

2b. Give the formula for:

 

  1. I. Deciduous dentition.
  2. II. Permanent dentiti                                                                                                  (5Marks)

 

2c. With the aid of a diagram ONLY, draw the digestive system of a cow.                           (10Marks)

 

3a. Write short notes on the following:

 

(i) White Fulani   (ii) Ndama   (iii) Holstein/Friesian (iv) West African Dwarf

(v)       Balami                                                                                                       (5Marks each)

 

4a. Discuss in details the measures you need to put in place for effective management of a breeding bull. (15Mars)

 

4b. Write short notes on the following feed materials:

 

(i)         Silage;    (ii) Hay.                                                                                          (10Marks)

 

5a. Differentiate between steaming up and flushing giving advantages of each management practice. (10Marks)

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5b. Write short note on the following:

 

  1. I. Controlled mating
  2. II. Estrus synchronisation

 

6a. List the various methods use for pregnancy confirmation.                                                (5Marks)

 

6b. Describe how you will manage a calf from parturition to weaning.                                 (15Marks)

 

6c. Differentiate between a Burdizzo and an Elastrator.                                                        (5Mars)

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