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National Open University Exam Past Question – AEM738 MAY/JUNE 2012 EXAMINATION

NATIONAL OPEN UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA AEM738: Rural Development and Leadership

14-16 AHMADU BELLO WAY, VICTORIA ISLAND LAGOS SCHOOL OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

MAY/JUNE 2012 EXAMINATION

 

AEM738: Rural Development and Leadership

Time Allowed 2hrs

 

INSTRUCTIONS: Answer any four questions. All questions carry equal marks.

 

  1. (a) What is rural development? (5mrks)

(b) Mention six major components of rural development for rural dwellers. (6mrks)

(c) Identify eight (8) characteristics of rural areas. (8mrks)

(d) State any five principles of rural development. (6mrks)

 

 

  1. (a) Discuss six challenges confronting rural development. (15mrks) (b) What is a project? (5mrks)

(c) Mention six aspects of project preparation and analysis that every project analyst should examine. (5mrks)

 

 

  1. 3. (a) List five major stages of project cycle. (2.5mrks) (b) What is evaluation? (2.5mrks)

(c)  Mention four (4) relevant indicators each for monitoring and evaluation. (8mrks)

(d) Mention and discuss three (3) basic elements of community development. (12mrks)

 

 

  1. 4. (a) What do you understand by National Economic Empowerment and

Development Strategy (NEEDS)? (12mrks)

(b) Explain any four fundamental principles upon which NEEDS are based. (13mrks)

 

 

  1. (a) Discuss five functions of rural leaders in extension work. (12.5mrks) (b) List and discuss four ways by which leaders emerge. (12.5mrks)
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  1. (a) Identify and explain four factors which determine leadership style. (12.5mrks)

(b) Discuss five problems of rural leadership. (12.5mrks)

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