ExamsSchool of Agricultural Sciences

National Open University Exam Past Question – AEM508 OCTOBER/NOVEMBER 2014 EXAMINATION

NATIONAL OPEN UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA AEM508 TECHNOLOGICAL AND SOCIAL CHANGE IN AGRICULTURE

14-16 AHMADU BELLO WAY, VICTORIA ISLAND LAGOS SCHOOL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES OCTOBER/NOVEMBER 2014 EXAMINATION

 

COURSE CODE: AEM508

COURSE TITLE: TECHNOLOGICAL AND SOCIAL CHANGE IN AGRICULTURE TIME ALLOWED: 2.30hrs

INSTRUCTIONS:  Answer 4 questions only. All questions carry equal marks.

 

 

1a. What do you understand by the term technology?    ( 5 Marks)

1b. Differentiate between surface resistance and inexplicable resistance (10 Marks)

 

1c. Discuss fully the forms in which social change can occur (10 Marks)

2a. Highlight the various characteristics of innovation stating clearly the differences between them (15 Marks)

 

2b. Discuss in details the factors that affect the rate and magnitude of change in a society (10 marks)

 

3a. Briefly    explain    the   following    terms    viz-a-viz    nature    of   social change:

(1)      Unplanned change

 

(11)      Segmental change

 

(111)      Contact change      ( 5 marks each)

 

3b. Mention two factors that may influence acceptance or resistance to   change and list three characteristics of each ( 10 Marks)

 

4a. List the major goals of agricultural extension ( 5 Marks)

 

4b. List   ten    principles    of   agricultural   extension   and    explain    any    four    of them (20 marks)

 

5a. Explain   5    important    roles    of   agricultural   extension    in   agricultural development in Nigeria.  (15 marks)

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5b. Mention five important elements of effective learning situation and discuss fully any two ( 10 marks)

 

6a. Discuss any five important tips to apply when managing technological   change. (12

Marks)

 

6b. Explain five principles of technological change management.  (13 Mrks)

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