NATIONAL OPEN UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA
14–16 AHMADU BELLO WAY, VICTORIA ISLAND LAGOS SCHOOL OF EDUCATION
OCTOBER 213 EXAMINATION
COURSE CODE : PED 410.
COURSE TITLE: MANAGEMENT OF EARLY CHILDHOOD INSTITUTION. TIME ALLOWED: 2HOURS.
INSTRUCTIONS: Answer question one and any other two questions. Question 1.
a). Explain the differences between educational management and
educational administration. 10marks
b). List five (5) Henri Fayol’s universal good management principles with brief explanation. 10marks
c). What are the assumptions of theory X and Y according to
|a). Define reward power.||4marks|
|b). Write short notes on :|
|i). Charismatic authority.|
|ii). Rational legal authority.|
|iii). Formal authority.|
|iv). Functional authority.||8marks|
|c). List and explain two (2)||leadership styles in the management||of||childhood|
|a). Identify and explain four (4) factors affecting school discipline. 8marks.|
|b). What is punishment?||2marks|
|c). Explain the concept of punishment is a “deterrent.”||2marks|
|d). List four (4) guiding principles in punishment administration||in||childhood|
a). What is motivation? 5marks
b).Explain these concepts as applied in motivation theories:
ii). Goal .
iii). Attribution . 9marks
c).What is downward communication? 6marks